“…approximately 40% of the variance in personality could be attributed to genetic factors…”

For extraversion, we found a significant locus on 12q23.3 within WSCD2. This locus has been implicated in a GWAS of temperament in bipolar disorder11 and in a linkage analysis12, suggesting that 12q harbors important alleles for temperament and personality. Another SNP significantly associated with extraversion is near PCDH15, which encodes a member of the cadherin […]

Challenge to “Cognitive” Models of Behavior

Traditional assumptions of cognitive psychology are increasingly questioned by neurophysiology, casting doubt on the classic framework of serial information processing… The brain’s ability to predict the consequences of actions enables it to link across levels of abstraction and to bias immediate actions by the predicted long- term opportunities they make possible hence supporting intentional action.The […]

“What are commonly called emotion functions in humans and animals are not emotional functions at all. They do not exist to make feelings. They are survival functions essential for the continued life of the individual or the species. And in humans, survival functions are sometimes–perhaps often–associated with feelings. But the systems that underlie these functions op erate in – dependently from feelings in humans.”